Saturday, November 21, 2020

A Beginners Guide to CPU Specs - Processor, RAM, Graphics Cards


Here's a good question - How do you know what to look for in a CPU? What do all those specifications mean maybe some of them are quite obvious some of them maybe not so much and to all those specifications really matter and what to really look for and what really determines your price and what exactly are you looking for. So those are a couple things to consider and I think it's pretty important when shopping for CPU now that the Ryzen 5 has been released we have an incredible CPU and a credible price so there's a lot of options on the market right now. It's important to look for these things when shopping for a CPU and I'm going to tell you how to it.

There are a couple things to consider when shopping for CPUs. I know that all sounds like a lot might be a little overwhelming at first but we're going to go through these one at a time so don't worry I'm going to hold your hand to this process as no one held mine think I'm funny but not anyways. Moving on and we're just going to go in the surface level with these subtopics and specifications we'll look for as there is an incredible amount of depth you can look into all these things, just keeping it in a generic sense so before we get into anything it is important to note that there are only two brands when it comes to desktop CPUs Intel and AMD and in that shell Intel's more expensive and AMD is more budget-friendly. Intel's traditionally known to be the more efficient and better performance of the CPUs but at a higher cost while AMD provided more budget oriented CPU but had less performance compared to Intel.

Currently aim these new rising CPUs has leveled out the performance gap and now they have similar performance while AMD presents their CPUs at a fraction of Intel Quillen CPUs it's also worth noting if you're a first-timer at this you can't put these CPUs in the same type of motherboard they have their own distinctive lines of motherboards one of the first things to notice with the CPU other than the brain is the amount of course it has generally speaking the more cores a CPU has it will be more likely to process more information at a given time and be able to do more multitasking and productivity compared to one with less cores modern CPUs also have hyper threading which is a CPU that is recognized by an operating system with twice the amount of cores a hyper threaded CPU that has 4 physical cores will display eight virtual cores on the operating system the amount of virtual cores is known as the amount of threads so a hyper threaded quad-core CPU has four cores and has eight threads while the CPU may have eight threads that doesn't mean it will work like an eight core processor but instead and enhance four core CPU.

I could go more into depth but I want to keep this as basic as possible for the necessary information in this video next you'll notice the socket type the socket type refers to the type of motherboard the CPU is compatible with AMD and Intel CPUs have different types of sockets and cannot be interchanges one another for example the new Rises hip use from AMD use and aim for socket the new cable a CPUs from Intel using LGA 1151 socket you have to make sure to buy the correct socket type for a motherboard otherwise you cpu will not work or even fit in that socket frequency is another major thing to look for as well the frequency of a CPU is measured in gigahertz the more gigahertz the faster the CPU operates CPUs with more cores usually operate at a lower frequency while CPUs with less cores operate at higher speeds and also overclock a lot easier the CPU has a base clock and at booth clock the base clock refers to its normal operating speed with frequency while the boost clock is there when the CPU is being pushed or under load overclocking is when the CPU is being pushed be on its boost clock.

If you plan on overclocking CPU to get the most power out of it make sure that you're buying a CPU that can overclock for instance Intel CPUs with a K at the end of the title of the CPU is an overclockable chip while CPU without the K for Intel is not overclockable for AMD CPUs most of them can overclock all of them are able to overclock and some of them have this thing called XFR which basically means it can be pushed a little bit further with overclocking the next spec to get is cash older CPUs usually have less cash and more modern ones on the surface cash is simply a fan type of memory that the CPU uses to effectively make it more efficient you may also notice different types of cash such as l1 l2 and l3 which refer to the different levels of cash like clip 1 level 2 level 3 l1 being the fastest type of memory while l3 is this slows although l3 is able to store more cash than l1 so in a general sense the more cash the CPU has across all level types the better integrated graphics is another thing to look for although it may not always be available in the specs on a website it is worth searching for AMD ap use are their CPUs with integrated graphics and a good amount of Intel CPUs have integrated graphics as well the best way to find out this information is to simply look on the manufacturer website or just google it since this information is always available on retailer websites like Amazon and Newegg.

What is integrated graphics basically it is a built-in graphics processor that can display and output on to the monitor from the motherboard there's no integrated graphics you will need to buy a separate graphics card keep in mind integrated graphics cannot play high-end video games smoothly it is there simply to display an image on the monitor so if you want to do gaming and stuff like that it is highly recommended to get a discreet graphics card or something known as just a GPU just get a GPU the last few minor things to look at is the TDP and its manufacturing technology processors with more cores usually require a higher power draw or TDP a lower TTP shows the power efficiency of its CPU a higher power draw will need a power supply with higher power delivery but usually you need a thousand watt power supply usually around 500 to 650 watts is plenty the manufacturing technology may seem like a complex term but is rather simple it is measured in nanometers and M the manufacturing technology measures the gap between the transistors inside the CPU the smaller that gap is the more transistors they can fit within that CPU effectively making it more powerful.

When you look at a CPU modern CPUs now have a 14 nanometer architecture or manufacturing technology while older ones up to 45 and above another specification to find out is the memory type or RAM type that it supports modern CPU is now use ddr4 memory that usually is in a problem but if you plan on buying a slightly older CPU like a 4790k like I did you'll need to purchase ddr3 RAM and lastly once you've found a few CPUs that you're interested in look at some benchmarks on YouTube certain things we'll look for in a YouTube video of a review or benchmarks is how well it handles multitasking gaming at 1080p since 1440p up is more GPU dependent than CPU dependent and look for its IPC which means instructions per cycle but basically what you're looking for is whether CPU being benchmarks in the video was tested for individual core performance which is a good representation of its IPC also watch multiple videos of benchmarking the same CPU.

To get a well-rounded opinion and perspective of the processor altogether ultimately you can read the specs all that you want but seeing it perform in action is the ultimate decision-maker in my opinion and that's how you basically look for a CPU when you're looking at those specifications those are just things that are usually listed in the description and just a couple extra things to look for so when you're shopping for that this is kind of a guide to help you know what you're actually looking at and just saying oh yeah it's got it course it's good or it's got five gigahertz is good I don't think there's a process or a flag that you're anyways I hope this helped you guys out in the siding on whether you're buying the new Ryzen 5 processor or you're sticking to Intel or whatever the case might be.